Travel Mont Saint Michel in France Tourist Attractions

Mont Saint-Michel is a rocky island tide and a commune in Normandy, France. It is located approximately one mile from the northwest coast at the mouth of the Couesnon River near Avranches. The island's population is 41 years from 2006. The island has been a strategic point of the celebration since ancient fortifications, and from the eighth century became the seat of the monastery of Saint-Michel, which takes its name.

Mont-Saint-Michel was used in the sixth and seventh centuries as an Armorican stronghold of Romano-Breton culture and power, until it was sacked by the Franks, thus ending the trans-channel culture that had been maintained from the start of the Romans in AD 460.

Mont-Saint-Michel Abbey, albumen print, ca. 1865-1895
Before construction of the first monastic establishment in the eighth century, the island was called "monte tombe". According to legend, the Archangel Michael appeared to SanAubert, bishop of Avranches, in 708 and instructed him to build a church on the rocky islet. Aubert repeatedly ignored the angel's instruction, until Michael burned a hole in the bishop's skull with his finger.

The mount gained strategic significance in 933 when William "Long Sword", William I, Duke of Normandy, annexed the Cotentin Peninsula, definitively placing the mount in Normandy. He is represented in the Bayeux Tapestry commemorating the Norman Conquest of 1066 England. Harold, Earl of Wessex is represented in the tapestry of Norman knights to rescue two of the quicksand in the tidal flats during a battle with Conan II, Duke of Brittany. Norman ducal patronage financed the spectacular Norman architecture of the abbey in subsequent centuries.

Mont-Saint-Michel and its bay
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Country France
Type Cultural
Criteria i, iii, vi
Reference 80
** Region of Europe
Inscription history
Registration 1979 (3 Session)
Name as inscribed on World Heritage List
Region as classified by UNESCO

In 1067, the monastery of Mont-Saint-Michel gave its support to Duke William of Normandy in his claim to the throne of England. He was rewarded with properties and land on the side of the English Channel, including a small island off the southwest coast of Cornwall, who was inspired by the mountains and became a Norman priory named St Michael's Mount Penzance.

During the Hundred Years War, the English made repeated attacks on the island, but could not seize it due to the improvement of the fortifications of the abbey. I Micheletto two wrought iron bombards left by the English in his unsuccessful siege of 1423-1424 Mont-Saint-Michel are still near the outer wall.
When Louis XI of France established the Order of St. Michael in 1469, was intended for the church of the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel is the chapel of the Order, but due to its great distance from Paris, his intention could not be carried out.

The wealth and influence of the abbey extended to the foundations of their daughter, including Mount St. Michael in Cornwall. However, his popularity and prestige as a center of pilgrimage waned with the Reformation, and by the time of the French Revolution there was little monks in residence. The abbey was closed and converted into a prison, initially to hold clerical opponents of the republican regime. High-profile political prisoners followed, but in 1836, influential figures including Victor Hugo had launched a campaign to restore what was seen as a national architectural treasure. The prison was closed finally in 1863, and the mount was declared a historic monument in 1874. The Mont-Saint-Michel and its bay were added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage in 1979 and was included on criteria such as the cultural, historical and architectural beauty and man-made and natural .



Mont Saint Michel and admirer streets of Mont Saint Michel

 
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