Sigirya Rock Citadel, Sigiriya City in Sri Lanka

Sigiriya is a large stone and ancient stone fortress and palace ruin in the central Matale District of Sri Lanka, surrounded by the remains of an extensive network of gardens, reservoirs and other structures. A popular tourist destination, Sigiriya is also known for its ancient paintings reminiscent of Ajanta caves in India. It is one of the seven World Heritage sites in Sri Lanka. It is also declared by UNESCO as the eighth wonder of the world.
Sigiriya may have been inhabited in prehistoric times. It was used as a monastery in the mountains for shelter on the 5th century BC, with caves prepared and donated by devotees of the Buddhist Sangha. According to Mahavamsa chronicles such as the complex was built by King Kashyapa (477-495 AD), and after the death of the king, which was used as a Buddhist monastery until the 14th century.
The inscriptions were deciphered by Sigiri Senarath Paranavithana archaeologist in his famous two-volume work, published by Cambridge, Graffiti Sigiri and the history of Sigiriya.

Sigiriya is located in the district of Matale in Central Province of Sri Lanka.It is within the cultural triangle, which includes five of the eight World Heritage sites in Sri Lanka.

Sigiriya rock is the hardened magma plug of an extinct volcano and eroded much. It stands high above the surrounding plain, visible for miles in all directions. The rock rests on a steep mound that rises abruptly from the plain around it. The rock rises 370 m (1,214 ft) above sea level and is enormous on all sides, in many prominent places of the base. It is elliptical in plan and has a flat top that slopes gradually along the axis of the ellipse.

Sigiriya is considered one of the most important urban planning of the first millennium, and the site plan is considered very elaborate and imaginative. The plan combines the concepts of symmetry and asymmetry of intentional blocking of geometric shapes created by man and natural surroundings. On the west side of the rock lies a park for the Royals, set in a symmetrical plan, the park contains water retaining structures, including sophisticated surface / subsurface water systems, some of which are working today. The south contains an artificial reservoir, which were widely used in the former capital of the dry zone of Sri Lanka. Five gates were placed at the entrances. The more elaborate western gate is thought to have been reserved for royalty.

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The Lion Gate and Final Climbing Stretch

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Sigiriya garden complex

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the Mirror Wall are the writings of Ancient Sigiri Residents

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