travel Isla del Sol Beautiful island in Bolivia

Sun Island is an island in the southern part of Lake Titicaca. It is part of the modern State of Bolivia. Geographically, the terrain is tough, is rocky and mountainous. No motor vehicles or paved roads on the island. The main economic activity of about 800 families on the island is farming, fishing and tourism by increasing the subsistence economy. Of the several towns and Cha'llapampa Yumani are the largest.

There are over 80 ruins of the island. Most of these date from the Inca period around the 15th century. Archaeologists have uncovered evidence that people lived on the island and in the third millennium before Christ. Many hills of the island contain agricultural terraces, which adapt steep and rocky terrain to agriculture. Among the ruins of the island are the sacred rock, a rambling building called Chicana, Kasa Pata, and Kaima Pilco. In the religion of the Incas, it was believed that the sun god was born here.

The name of the island is aymara Titi'kaka. The original meaning of this word is not known. Some linguists and archaeologists believe that the name is a corruption of Titi and Kala. In 1612 Ludovico Aymara-Spanish Bertonio, the phrase appears as kala Tahksi "fundamental stone" or "cornerstone", possibly alluding to the history of the origin of the Incas as the Sun and the Moon were born in the lake.

The chronicler Bernabé Cobo documented two versions of Inca origin myth which took place in the northern part of the first Inca Manco Capac ISLAND.THE is said to have emerged from a prominent rock outcrop on a large sandstone known as Titikala ( the Sacred Rock). Manco Capac was the son of Inti the Andean deity identified as the sun. In one version of the myth, the ancient people of the province were without light in the sky for several days and was frightened by the darkness. Finally, people saw the sun rise from the rock and thought it was the dwelling place of the Sun. In another version related to Cobo, others believed that the rock was dedicated to the Sun, as it hid under a rock during a great flood. Isla del Sol was the first land that appeared after the waters began to recede and the sun left the sky Titikala to light again. A temple was built in the rock and then expanded by the tenth Inca Tupac Inca Yupanqui. He built a monastery and a tambo for mamaconas for pilgrims visiting.

The excavations at the archaeological site of Ch'uxuqullu, located in a small peak above the Bay of Challa, led to the recovery of Archaic Preceramic is that radiocarbon date of 2200 BC. Eight obsidian flakes were recovered from this context, neutron activation analysis of three of the flakes revealed that all were of the Chivay obsidian source is located in the Colca Canyon, Arequipa department. The presence of Chivay obsidian is clear evidence that the inhabitants of the island were participating in a larger network of exchange.

According to a bathymetric model, there is a path between the edge of the coast and the Isla del Sol, which does not pass through areas where the bottom of the lake reaches a depth of 200 meters or more. Paleoclimatic studies indicate that around 3100 BC, the level of Lake Titicaca have been as much as 85 m lower than modern conditions, but had come close to current levels of around 2000 BC.Thus in 2200 BC the level the lake were probably lower than at present. Ch'uxuqullu data might suggest that the cultivation of the lake is also used technology developed by boats during the Archaic period.

Underwater archaeological research conducted outside the Isla del Sol 1989-92 led to the discovery of both Inca and Tiahuanaco artifacts. These are now on display in a museum in Challapampa. Today the island's economy is mainly due to tourism revenues, but subsistence farming and fishing are widely practiced.





Isla del Sol: parte posterior de la islaIsla del Sol: Inkatempel
COPACABANA
photo
En la Comunidad Yumani de la Isla del Sol, Lago Titicaca, Bolivia.
Cha'llapampa Village, Isla del Sol, Isla del Sol, Bolivia

Cha'llapampa

Pilco Kaima

Titi'kaka

Challapampa

 
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