Travel Plovdiv City ,Bulgaria Tourist Attractions ,The oldest city in the world.

Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia with a population of 338,153 inhabitants according to 2011 census. Plovdiv's history spans 8,000 years, with the remains of a Neolithic settlement dating from about 6000 BC, is one of the oldest cities in the world. Some sources include Plovdiv among the oldest living cities in Europe. It is the administrative center of Plovdiv Province in southern Bulgaria and three municipalities (Plovdiv-city, Maritsa and Rodopi) and Yuzhen Bulgaria tsentralen planning region (NUTS II), and the largest and most important city in northern Thrace and the wider international historical region of Thrace. The city is an important economic, transport, education and culture. The oldest American educational institution outside the United States was founded in Plovdiv in 1860, later moved to Sofia - American College of Sofia today.
Known in the West because of its history by the Greek name Philippopolis, which was originally a Thracian settlement before becoming an important Roman city. In the Middle Ages, which kept its regional strategic importance, by the hands of the Byzantine and Bulgarian. That was under Ottoman rule in the 14th century. In 1878 Plovdiv was the capital of the autonomous Ottoman Eastern Rumelia in 1885, became part of Bulgaria with the unification of the region and the Principality of Bulgaria.

Plovdiv is located in the southern part of Plovdiv Plain on both sides of the river Maritsa. The city has developed historically in the seven hills syenite, some of which 250 m (820.21 feet) high. Because of these seven hills, Plovdiv is often referred to in Bulgaria as the "City of Seven Hills."
Plovdiv is the seat of economic and cultural events, such as the International Plovdiv Fair, the international theatrical festival "A step at a crossroads," TV Festival "Golden Chest". There are many remains preserved from antiquity, such as the amphitheater, the Roman Odeon, the Roman Stadium, the archaeological complex Eirene, among others.

Plovdiv was given several names throughout its long history. It was originally a Thracian settlement with Eumolpias name, the name of the mythical Thracian king Eumolpus, son of Poseidon.Philip II of Macedonia conquered the region in 342-341 BC and renamed the city Philippoupolis which the name of Thrace later to the city, Pulpudeva, is a translation. After the Romans took control of the area, the town was named America: Trimontium, ie the three hills. During the Middle Ages the town was known as Byzantine Greek Philippoupolis Paldin (Пълдин) or Plavdiv (Плъвдив) in the Old variations of Bulgaria, the former name of the Thracian city. The city was known as Philippopolis in Western Europe until well into the 20th century. The city was known as Filibe in Turkey during the Ottoman Empire.
The asteroid (minor planet) 3860 Plovdiv is the name of the city. It was discovered by Bulgarian astronomer Violeta G. Ivanova, on August 8, 1986. Plovdiv Peak (1,040 m / 3,412 ft) on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is also the name of Plovdiv.






 
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