Travel Jerusalem City, The oldest city in the world of Israel

Jerusalem is the capital of Israel, but not internationally recognized as such. If the area and population of East Jerusalem is included, it is the largest city in Israel in both population and area, with a population of 763,800 inhabitants in an area of ​​125.1 km2 (48.3 sq mi). Located in the Judean Mountains, between the Mediterranean Sea and the northern Dead Sea, modern Jerusalem has grown far beyond the limits of the old city.

Jerusalem is a holy city for the three major Abrahamic religions-Judaism, Christianity and Islam. In Judaism, Jerusalem is the holiest city, as in the Old Testament Bible, King David of Israel was first established as the capital of the united kingdom of Israel in c. 1000 BC, and charged his son Solomon built the first temple in the city. In Christianity, Jerusalem is a holy city because, according to the New Testament, Jesus was crucified on the c. 30 EC and 300 years later, St. Helena identified the places of pilgrimage of the life of Jesus. In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third holiest city. He became the first Qibla, the focal point for Muslim prayer (Salah) in 610 CE, and, according to Islamic tradition, Muhammad made his night journey ten years later. As a result, and despite having an area of ​​only 0.9 square kilometers (0.35 square miles), Old Town is home to key sites of religious significance, including the Temple Mount, the Western Wall Lamentations, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa.
During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recovered 44 times. The oldest part of town was settled in the fourth millennium BC, making Jerusalem one of the oldest cities in the world. The old walled city, a World Heritage Site, has traditionally been divided into four quarters, although the names used today, the rooms were Armenian Christians, Jews and Muslims introduced in the 19th century. The Old City was nominated for inclusion on the List of World Heritage in Danger by Jordan in 1982.
Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the central issues in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Jerusalem West was one of the captured and later annexed by Israel, while East Jerusalem was captured by Jordan. Israel captured East Jerusalem during the 1967 Six Day War and later annexed it. Today, Israel's Basic Law refers to Jerusalem as "indivisible capital" of the country. The international community has rejected the annexation is illegal and Jerusalem as Palestinian territory held by Israel under military occupation. The international community does not recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital and the city hosts no foreign embassies.
According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics 208,000 Palestinians live in East Jerusalem, who is wanted by the Palestinian Authority as the future capital of a future Palestinian state.
All branches of the Israeli government in Jerusalem, including the Knesset (Israeli parliament), the residences of the Prime Minister and the President and the Supreme Court. Jerusalem is the home of the Hebrew University and the Israel Museum with its Shrine of the Book. The Jerusalem Biblical Zoo has consistently ranked as a major tourist attraction in Israel for the Israelis.

A town called Rušalimum or Urušalimum (Shalem Foundation) appears in ancient Egyptian records, as the first two references to Jerusalem in c. 2000 a. C. and C. A. 1330 C. respectively. The shape of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) first appears in the Bible, the book of Joshua. This form looks like a portmanteau (blend) of Yireh (an abode of fear and service of God) and the original SLM root and is not a simple phonetic evolution of the way in the Amarna letters. The root meaning common SLM is unknown but is believed to refer to "peace" (Shalom Salam or the modern Arabic and Hebrew) and Shalim, god of darkness in the Canaanite religion.
Normally, the ending-im indicates the plural in Hebrew grammar and Ayim-double, leading to the suggestion that the name refers to the fact that the city sits on two hills. However, the pronunciation of the last syllable as Ayim-seems to be a late development, had not yet appeared at the time of the Septuagint.
The tradition of the names of the oldest neighborhoods of Jerusalem was established, the City of David. [Citation needed] "Zion" initially referred to part of the city, but later came to mean the city as a whole and to represent the biblical Land of Israel. In the Greek and Latin name of the city was transcribed Hierosolyma (Greek: Ἱεροσόλυμα in Greek gamos, ιερός means holy), although the city was renamed Aelia Capitolina by the Roman period in its history. In Arabic, Jerusalem is more commonly known as القدس, transliterated as al-Quds, meaning "The Saint"


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