Travel Hagia Sophia Basilica Mosque, Turkey Tourist Attractions

There are places on earth that can not refer to a culture and belief of one. These are the indelible traces of human history, long, complex and bloody times. One is St. Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey - The building not only gorgeous, but also exceptionally beautiful.

The history of this great edifice began, as so often, where another old building stood. This church was built during the reign of Constantine the Great - that very Constantine who was the first of the Roman emperors to adopt Christianity. Byzantium into a new capital, now called Constantinople - the city of Constantine.

Not only did Constantine leave Rome - in the distant shores of the Bosphorus began construction of a new Christian city. That's why even though his art was pagan routes in the west, which was heavily influenced by Eastern principles, Christian. Already in the V-VI BC the new cultural movement, art and architecture appeared, which is based on Christian dogma. On the other hand, new buildings have oriental roots. For example, the East was the home of a dome, which allowed for new construction and aesthetic possibilities. Characteristic of the Byzantine churches is the central dome and the deviation from the classical forms of a basilica.

Hagia Sophia became a building of this type. The Emperor Justinian I invited renowned specialists - Anthemius of Tralles and Isidore of Miletus, and thousands of workers. Building materials were brought from all the great empire, sculptors and masons of Ephesus, Athens, Delphi and different Egyptian cities worked in the basilica, eight columns of porphyry were brought from the temple of Heliopolis.

That's true, the creation of the new necessary destruction of old - several pagan temples were taken apart and ruined ... Construction lasted five years and cost "a fortune". But the mind that was not a church but a symbol of the rule of force and the triumph of the new faith - Christianity. The result exceeded all expectations - December 27, 537 in the large Byzantine construction was revealed to the people. Simple enough outside, Hagia Sophia impressed with the interior - even now, when there is very little of its original decoration.

The history of the Hagia Sophia is dramatic - in 1453, almost 900 years after its construction, Constantinople was conquered by the Turks, Sultan Mehmed II entered the building, but, fortunately, was not destroyed. Instead, the Sultan ordered him to become a mosque. The images of Christian saints were replaced with Islamic symbols, mihrab, minbar, four minarets and other buildings were added.

In the 20th century the mosque was converted into a museum. Thanks to this, the existing tiles were cleaned, the floor marble decorations rebuilt and are now publicly available.

Enter, and you will be impressed with the works of marble and gold mosaics, including one that depicts Christ and Emperor Leo VI the Wise, huge living room, many windows ... The magnificent building helps you forget about the heat and bustle of the streets of the city. This is truly a temple of God's wisdom.

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