Travel Gaziantep City ,Turkey Tourist Attraction ,The oldest city in the world.

Gaziantep is a city in southeastern Turkey and among the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world. The metropolitan area of ​​the province of Gaziantep all had a population of 1.3 million from 2010, so the sixth most populous city of Turkey. The city has two urban districts under its administration, and Şahinbey Şehitkamil.

Gaziantep is the probable site of the Hellenistic city of Antiochia ad Taurum ("Antioquia in the mountains of Taurus"). The ruins of the Doliche (Turkish: Duluk) are just a few miles north of downtown and are in the natural environment of a forest recreation area arranged in a well including picnic and camping.
Gaziantep is one of the most developed provinces in the region and is also one of the oldest, its history, reaching back in the Hittites. Being the center of pistachio cultivation in Turkey and with its extensive areas of olive groves and vineyards, Gaziantep is one of the important agricultural and industrial centers of Turkey.
In the center of the city lies the Gaziantep Fortress and Citadel of Ravanda as reminders of the past - the citadel was restored by the Byzantines in the sixth century. The Archaeological Museum, with its important collections from the Neolithic Age and the Hittite, and the times of the Roman and Commagene, attracts many visitors. A recent addition to the wealth of the Museum are Roman mosaics found in Zeugma. The area around the city are also full of valuable Hittite remains. Hasan Süzer The House, which has been restored to its original state, which now houses the Ethnographic Museum. Yesemek Sculpture Workshop, 30 miles south of the city of Islahiye, is one of the world's first of its kind. Some of the other historical remains are the Zeugma (Belkis also called in Turkish), and the ruins of the city Kargamis Nizip and a little further north, Rumkale.
Gaziantep was ruled by the Akkadians, Mitannis, the Hittites, the Neo-Hittites, Assyrians, Urartians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Armenians, Parthians, Commagene, Romans, Byzantines, Sassanids, and Arabs.

In the first half of the seventh century, Arab armies captured this region. He spends the Umayyads and the Abbasids in 661 in 750. During the period of Arab rule, which was ravaged several times by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine). After the disintegration of the Abbasid dynasty, the city was ruled successively by the Tulunids, Ikhshidids and Hamdanids. In the year 962, was recovered by the Byzantines (Eastern Romans), and retained by them until the Seljuk conquest in 1067. The rule of the Seljuks of Anatolia Seljuk gave way to Syria in 1086. I named Toros of Edessa Tutush as governor of the region.
She was captured by the Crusaders and joined the Maras Seigneurship County of Edessa in 1098. He returned to the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum in 1150, occupied by the Armenian kingdom of Cilicia between 1155-1157 and 1204-1206 and captured by the Zengids in 1172 and the Ayyubids in 1181. That was recovered by the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum in 1218. It was ruled by the Ilkhanate between 1260-1261, 1271-1272, 1280-1281 and 1299-1317 and between 1261-1271 by the Mamluks, 1272-1280, 1281-1299, 1317-1341, 1353-1378, 1381-1389 and 1395-1516. Is also governed by the Beylik of Dulkadir, who was a vassal state of Turkey to the Mamelukes.

The Ottoman Empire captured Gaziantep after the battle of Marj Dabiq in 1516, during the reign of Sultan Selim I. In the Ottoman period, Aintab was initially focused on sanjak Dulkadir eyalet (1816-1818) and later (in the Aleppo vilayet from 1908 to 1918). It was also a kaza in the Aleppo vilayet (from 1818-1908).

In 1923, Antep was removed from the Aleppo vilayet and ceded to Turkey under the Lausanne Treaty signed between the Ankara government and the Allies at the end of World War I, along with other parts of northern Syria, including Adana, Mersin, Tarsus, Urfa and Diyarbakir Kahramanmaraş.




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