Travel Beirut City in Lebanon Tourist Attraction,The oldest city in the world.

Beirut is the capital and largest city of Lebanon with a population ranging from about 1 million to more than 2 million from 2007. Located on a peninsula at the midpoint of Lebanon's coastline with the Mediterranean, which serves as the largest seaport and the country's largest, and is also the Beirut metropolitan area, which consists of the city and its suburbs. The first mention of this metropolis is found in the ancient Egyptian Tell el Amarna letters, dating from the 15th century BC and the city has been inhabited continuously since then.

Beirut is Lebanon's government seat, and plays a central role in the Lebanese economy with its city center, Hamra, Verdun, and Ashrafieh based corporate firms and banks. The city is the focal point of cultural life in the region, known for its press, theaters, cultural activities and nightlife. After the destructive Lebanese civil war, Beirut underwent major reconstruction, and the historic city center redesigned, marina, bars and nightlife districts have once again made a tourist attraction. Beirut was named the first place to visit in 2009 by The New York Times. It was also included as one of the ten liveliest cities in the world by Lonely Planet in 2009.
In 2011, MasterCard revealed that the Index of Beirut has the second highest spending levels visiting the Middle East and Africa. Dubai ranked first with $ 7.8 million, followed by Beirut with $ 6.5 billion, Tel Aviv with $ 3.8 billion, Cairo, at $ 3.7 billion and Johannesburg with $ 3.3 billion. At the same time it was ranked as the ninth most visited and, as such, is still considered a "high-end" destination.

Beirut history dates back over 5000 years. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the age of Beirut is indicated by its name, derived from the Canaanite name Be'erot (wells), in reference to the underground water table is still used by locals for general use. Excavations at the center of the city have unearthed layers of Phoenician, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Crusader and Ottoman remains.The first historical reference to Beirut dates from the 14th century BC, when mentioned in the cuneiformtablets "Amarna letters." Ammunira of Biruta (Beirut) sent three letters to the Pharaoh of Egypt. Biruta also refers to the letters of Rib-Hadda of Byblos. The oldest settlement on an island in the river that progressively silted up. The city was known in antiquity as Berytus, this name was taken in 1934 from the archaeological journal published by the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at the American University of Beirut.

Several prehistoric archaeological sites were discovered in the urban area of ​​Beirut, exposing flint tools dating sequential periods of the Middle Paleolithic and Upper Paleolithic through the Neolithic to the Bronze Age.
Beirut Minet el Hosn and I was listed as "Beirut ville" by L. Burkhalter and it says that on the beach near the hotels and Orent Bassoul in downtown Beirut, in the Avenida de Français. The site was discovered in 1894 by Lortet and discussed by the Jesuit Father Godefroy Zumoffen in 1900. The stone industry of which the site was described as Mousterian and carried out by the Museum of Fine Arts in Lyon.
Beirut II or Um El Khatib was suggested by L. Burkhalter have been north of Tarik El Jedideh, where he discovered a Énéolithique Gigues PE (Chalcolithic) flint industry of a hundred meters above sea level. The site was built in 1948 and destroyed.
Beirut III, Furn or Tabet Shebbak esh suggested plateau were located on the left bank of the Nahr Beirut. L. Burkhalter suggested that was west of the road to Damascus, although this decision has been criticized by Lorraine Copeland. PE Gigues discovered a series of Neolithic flint tools in the surface along with the remains of a proposed structure to be a hut circle. Bergy Auguste also discussed polished axes found in this site which has now disappeared completely due to the construction and development of the area.
Furn Beirut IV or Shebbak esh, riverbanks was also on the left bank of the river and on both sides of the road leading eastward from the police station Furn Shebbak esh to the river that marked the city limits. The area was covered with red sand representing Quaternary terraces of the river. The site was discovered by the Jesuit Dillenseger and published by fellow Jesuits, Godefroy Zumoffen, Raoul Auguste Describes and Bergy. Collections at the site were made by Bergy, describes and another member of the Society of Jesus, Paul Bovier-Lapierre. A large number of stone tools from the Middle Palaeolithic is in the surface and the side canyons that drain into the river. These include some 50 accredited varied bifaces Acheulean period, some of them with a lustrous shine, now in the Museum of Prehistory in Lebanon. Henri Fleisch is also Emireh point between the materials of the site, which has now disappeared beneath the buildings.
V or Nahr Beirut Beirut was discovered by Dillenseger Father and says that in a grove of mulberry trees on the left bank of the river near the mouth and said to be near the train station and the bridge of Tripoli. Levallois stones and bones were found in the breccia deposits, along with similar surface material. The area has been built.
VI or patriarchy Beirut was a site discovered during construction, somewhere in the ownership of the Lebanese Evangelical School for Girls in the Patriarchate of Beirut. It is characterized by the discovery of a javelin finely wrought to date suggests that the Ancien Néolithique or Néolithique Moyen periods of Byblos and held in the school library.
VII or Beirut and Byblos Rivoli movie theater sites near the Bourj in the area of ​​Calle El Arz two sites discovered by Lorraine Copeland and Peter Wescombe in 1964 and reviewed by Diana Kirkbride and Roger Saidah. A site parking behind the "Byblos" Cinema and showed collapsed walls, wells, floors, coal, ceramics and stones. The other overlooking a cliff west of the "Rivoli" The film is composed of three layers that rests on limestone. Fragments of leaves and large flakes were recovered from the first layer of black soil, on which some Bronze Age pottery was recovered in a layer of gray soil. Roman pottery and mosaics are in the top layer. Middle Bronze Age tombs were found in this area and the old talk of Beirut is believed to be in the area of ​​Borj.



 
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