Travel Škocjan Caves Amazing Caves, Slovenia tourist

Skocjan Caves is a cave system in Slovenia. Because of its exceptional importance, Škocjan Cuevas has been introduced in the UNESCO list of natural heritage sites and cultural world in 1986. International scientific circles have therefore recognized the importance of caves as one of the Earth's natural treasures. Ranking among the world's largest caves, the caves of Škocjan underground phenomena is important, both in the Karst region and Slovenia. After independence, the Republic of Slovenia is committed to actively protecting the Škocjan Caves area, therefore, established the Regional Park Škocjan Caves, Slovenia and the Managing Authority, the Agency Škocjan Caves Park Public Service .

Caves Škocjan is primarily a natural phenomenon of global importance, ranking side by side with the Grand Canyon, the Great Barrier Reef, the Galapagos Islands, Mount Everest, and others. Ranking among the world's largest caves, the caves of Škocjan underground phenomena is important, both in the Karst region and Slovenia. Škocjan Cuevas was also inscribed on the Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance on May 18, 1999. Along with the undercurrent of the river Reka, representing an underground karst wetland longest in Europe.
The Reka river disappears underground in Velika Dolina in Škocjan Caves and underground flows of 34 km to the Adriatic Sea, near Monfalcone area, where it becomes the source of the river Timavo. The view of the great river in the rainy season as it disappears underground in the bottom of Velika Dolina, 160 m below the surface, is at once majestic and terrifying.
The outstanding volume of underground canyon is what distinguishes Škocjan Caves caves and other places it among the most famous underground features of the world. The river flows through the underground canyon turns northwest before the bridge Cerkvenik and runs its course along the channel Hanke. The underground canal is about 3.5 km long, 10 to 60 m in width and height of over 140 m. At some points, which expands to large underground chambers. The largest of these is the House of Martel, with a volume of 2.2 million cubic meters and is considered the largest underground chamber discovered in Europe and one of the largest in the world. Interestingly, such an underground canyon ends with a siphon dimensions relatively small: one that can not cope with the huge volume of water that is poured into the cave after heavy rains, causing extensive flooding, during which water levels can rise by more than one hundred meters.

The first written sources Škocjan Caves originate in the ancient era (2nd century BC) by Posidonius of Apamea and are marked on maps published in this oldest part of the world, such as Ortelius map of 1561 Lazius- and Mercator Atlas Novus 1637. The fact that the French painter Louis-François Cassas (1782) was commissioned to paint some parts of the landscape also shows that in the 18th century caves were considered one of the most important natural features on the inside of Trieste. His paintings bear witness that at that time people visited the bottom of Velika dolina. The Slovenian scholar Janez Valvasor Vajkard describes the Reka river basin and groundwater flow in 1689.
In order to provide potable water to Trieste, an attempt was made to follow the underground course of the river Reka. Deep wells in the Karst were explored and Škocjan Caves. The systematic exploration of the caves began in 1884 Škocjan a division of speleology. Explorers reached the shores of Mrtvo jezero (Dead Lake) in 1890. The most important achievement was the latest discovery of Tiha jama (Silent Cave) in 1904, when some local men climbed the wall two hundred feet of Müller Hall. The next important event took place in 1990, almost 100 years after the discovery of Mrtvo jezero (Dead Lake). Slovenian divers managed to swim through the siphon dihnik Ledeni and discovered more than 200 m of new cave passages.


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