Travel Hohenzollern Castle. Germany Tourist Attractions

Hohenzollern Castle (German: Burg Hohenzollern) is a castle about 50 kilometers (31 miles) south of Stuttgart, Germany. It is considered the ancestral seat of the Hohenzollern family, which originated in the Middle Ages and became emperor of Germany.
The castle is situated on top of Mount Hohenzollern at an altitude of 855 meters (2805 feet) above sea level, 234 m (768 ft) above and near Hechingen Bisingen, both located in the foothills of the Jura Swabia. Originally built in the early part of 11.
When the family is divided into two branches, the castle was owned by the branch of Swabia, which was high-level dynastically branch Franconia / Brandenburg that eventually became an imperial throne. The castle was completely destroyed after a siege of 10 months in 1423 by the imperial cities of Swabia. A second castle, bigger and stronger was built from 1454 to 1461 and served as a refuge for Catholic Swabian Hohenzollern in wartime, even during the Thirty Years War. A late 18th century, however, the castle is believed to have lost its strategic importance and gradually fell into disuse, resulting in the demolition of several buildings in ruins. Today, only the chapel remains of the medieval castle.
The third version of the castle, which stands today, was built by Frederick William IV of Prussia between 1846 and 1867, under the leadership of Friedrich August Stüler, who based his design on English Neo-Gothic style, and the castles of the Loire. Because the castle was built as a monument of the family, no member of the Hohenzollern family residence in this third castle until 1945, when it became home to the last Prussian Crown Prince William, he and his wife, Princess Cecilia, are buried there.
Among the historical artifacts of Prussian history contained in the castle today are the crown of William II and some personal effects of Frederick the Great and a letter from U.S. President George Washington thanking Baron von Steuben, a descendant of the House of Hohenzollern, for his service in the American Revolutionary War. The castle is now a popular tourist destination.

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